Open research community

Openness has always been a part of responsible research. Lately, what is meant by open research and scholarship has changed. New technologies and changes in society's expectations have created opportunities and pressures for the scientific community to increase transparency and change the way it does research, rewards researchers, shares research data, and engages in social dialogue.
Change requires work and is often challenging. What is required of the research community to increase transparency and make it part of research practice?